JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024 (Topic Wise) Weightage, Books

JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024

S.No.UnitTopics Covered
Physics and Measurement
Physics, Technology and Society, S.I. units,
Fundamental and derived units.
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
Frame of reference.
Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane.
Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
Laws of Motion
Force and Inertia,
Newton’s First Law of motion: Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion: Impulse and Newton’s Third Law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, Rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,
Work, Energy and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work-Energy theorem
Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of mechanical energy, Conservative and nonconservative forces;
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Moment of inertia, Radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, Equations of rotational motion
The Universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
Properties of Solids and Liquids
Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column
Pascal’s law and its applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion;
Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
Change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
Carnot engine and its efficiency
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy
Applications to specific heat capacities of gases Mean free path
Avogadro’s number
Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant;
Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations,
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell, Electric flux,
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges.
Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
Current Electricity
Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia-, and ferro- magnetic substances.
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage
Reactance and Impedance; LCR series circuit, Resonance
Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC Generator and Transformer.
Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum(radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves.
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications,
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle.
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light
Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of the particle, de Broglie relation.
Davis son-Germer experiment.
Atoms and Nuclei
Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of the atom
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones
Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
Electronic Devices
Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
Transistor as an amplifier(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch
Communication Systems
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium,
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

JEE Main Physics Experimental Skills (Section B)

1Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
4Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
9Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
11Resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.
12Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
13Potentiometer -Comparison of emf of two primary cells. -Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
14Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method
15Focal length of-Convex mirror -Concave mirror, and -Convex lens using parallax method
16Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
18Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19Zener diode characteristic curves and finding reverse breakdown voltage.
20Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
Using multimeter to-Identify base of a transistor -Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor -See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. -Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

JEE Main Physics Chapter-wise Weightage

JEE Main Syllabus with Weightage for Physics (Topic/Chapter wise) (Previous year)

S.NoUnitNo. of QuestionsTotal marksWeightage
1.Modern Physics52016.67%
2.Heat and Thermodynamics31210%
4.Current Electricity31210%
7.Unit, Dimension and Vector143.33%
9.Laws of motion143.33%
10.Work, Power and Energy143.33%
11.Centre Of Mass, Impulse and Momentum143.33%
14.Simple Harmonic Motion143.33%
15.Solids and Fluids143.33%
17.Electromagnetic Induction; AC143.33%

Based on the previous year’s analysis, we have provided the chapter-wise weightage for JEE Main Physics syllabus.

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ChaptersTotal QuestionsWeightage
Alternating Current26.67%
Current Electricity310.00%
Communication System13.33%
Circular Motion13.33%
Centre Of Mass26.67%
Electromagnetic Waves13.33%
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism26.67%
KTG & Thermodynamics26.67%
Sound Waves13.33%
Work Power Energy13.33%
Laws of motion13.33%
Rotational Dynamics26.67%
Work, Power and Energy16.67%
Modern Physics26.67%
Wave Optics26.67%

Best Books For JEE Mains Physics

NCERT Textbooksfor Class XI and XII
Understanding PhysicsD.C. Pandey
Concepts of physics for JEEH.C. Verma (Vol. I and Vol. II)
Fundamentals of PhysicsHalliday, Resnick and Walker
Understanding PhysicsFreedman and Young
IIT JEE Physics 35 years chapter-wise solved papersD.C. Pandey
Problems in PhysicsA.A. Pinsky
Problems in PhysicsS.S. Krotov
Problems in General PhysicsIE Irodov
A Collection of questions and problems in PhysicsL.A. Sena
Advanced Level Physics: Examples and ExercisesNelkon, Michael, Parker, Philip