CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24 PDF

NCERT Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-2024 PDF: Students appearing for the CBSE Board exam must have a clear knowledge of the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for each and every subject. This will help them plan their preparation and ensure they finish all the chapters and concepts. The officials of CBSE have released the new Class 10 SST Syllabus. Schools that are affiliated with CBSE should follow the prescribed SST Syllabus Class 10 by the board of CBSE.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24

Board Name Central Board of Secondary Education
Short Name CBSE
Location Across India
Academic Year 2023-24
Class Name Class 10
Subject Social Science
category Syllabus
Official site

Social Science is a compulsory subject up to the secondary stage of school education. It is an integral component of a general education because it helps the learners to understand the environment in its totality and developing a broader perspective and an empirical, reasonable, and humane outlook. This is of crucial importance because it helps them grow into well-informed and responsible citizens with the necessary attributes and skills for being able to participate and contribute effectively in the process of development and nation-building.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Exam Pattern 2023-24; Weightage

The Social Science question paper consists of 25 questions from the main subject and 1-3 questions based on map skills.

Name of the topic Marks
India and the Contemporary World – II 20
Contemporary India – II 20
Democratic Politics – II 20
Understanding Economic Development 20
Total 80

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24

Unit Chapters
Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II Section 1: Events and Processes

  1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
  2. Nationalism in India

Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies

  1. The Making of a Global World
  2. The Age of Industrialization

Section 3: Everyday Life, Culture and Politics

  1. Print Culture and the Modern World
Unit 2: Contemporary India – II
  1. Resources and Development
  2. Forest and Wildlife
  3. Water Resources
  4. Agriculture
  5. Minerals and Energy Resources
  6. Manufacturing Industries
  7. Life Lines of National Economy
Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II
  1. Power Sharing
  2. Federalism
  3. Gender, Religion and Caste
  4. Political Parties
  5. Outcomes of Democracy
Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development
  • Development
  • Sectors of the Indian Economy
  • Money and Credit
  • Globalization and the Indian Economy
  • Consumer Rights

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24

The Social Science curriculum draws its content mainly from History, Geography, Political Science and Economics. Some elements of Sociology and Commerce are also included. Together they provide a comprehensive view of society over space and time, and in relation to each other. Each subject’s distinct methods of enquiry help the learners to understand society from different angles and form a holistic view.

Before getting into the detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science, let us see the marks distribution for History, Geography, Economics, and Political Science:

Time: 3 Hrs.                  Max. Marks: 80
No. Units No. of Periods Marks
I India and the Contemporary World – II 60 20
II Contemporary India – II 55 20
III Democratic Politics – II 50 20
IV Understanding Economic Development 50 20
Total 215 80

Click Here to Download NCERT Text Books for Class 10 Social Science

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus For History

The syllabus of SST Class 10 CBSE 2020-21 History is tabulated below:

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II (60 Periods)

Themes Learning Objectives
Section 1: Events and Processes

  • The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
  • The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation
  • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
  • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
  • The Making of Germany and Italy
  • Visualizing the Nation
  • Nationalism and Imperialism

Nationalism in India

  • The First World War, Khilafat and Non – Cooperation
  • Differing Strands within the Movement
  • Towards Civil Disobedience
  • The Sense of Collective Belonging

Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies: Any one theme of the following:


  • The Making of a Global World
  • The Pre-modern world
  • The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)
  • The Inter war Economy
  • Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era
  • The Age of Industrialization
  • Before the Industrial Revolution
  • Hand Labour and Steam Power
  • Industrialization in the colonies
  • Factories Come Up
  • The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
  • Market for Goods

Section 3:    Everyday       Life,    Culture and Politics Print Culture and the Modern World

  • The First Printed Books
  • Print Comes to Europe
  • The Print Revolution and its Impact
  • The Reading Mania
  • The Nineteenth Century
  • India and the World of Print
  • Religious Reform and Public Debates
  • New Forms of Publication
  • Print and Censorship
  • Enable the learners to identify and comprehend the forms in which nationalism developed along with the formation of nation states in Europe in the post-1830 period.
  • Establish the relationship and bring out the difference between European nationalism and anti- colonial nationalisms.
  • Understand the way the idea of nationalism emerged and led to the formation of nation states in Europe and elsewhere.
  • Recognize the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time.
  • Familiarize with the writings and
  • ideals of different political groups and individuals.
  • Appreciate the ideas promoting Pan Indian belongingness.
  • Show that globalization has a long history and point to the shifts within the process.
  • Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies.
  • Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.
  • Familiarize with the Pro- to- Industrial phase and Early – factory system.
  • Familiarize with the process of industrialization and its impact on labour class.
  • Enable them to understand industrialization in the colonies with reference to Textile industries.
  • Identify the link between print culture and the circulation of ideas.
  • Familiarize with pictures, cartoons, extracts from propaganda literature and newspaper debates on important events and issues in the past.
  • Understand that forms of writing have a specific history, and that they reflect historical changes within society and shape the forces of change.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus For Geography

The Geography Social Science Class 10 Syllabus has been tabulated below:

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II (55 Periods)

Resources and Development

  • Types of Resources
  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning in India
  • Land Resources
  • Land Utilization
  • Land Use Pattern in India
  • Land Degradation and Conservation Measures
  • Soil as a Resource
  • Classification of Soils
  • Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

Forest and Wildlife

  • Biodiversity or Biological Diversity
  • Flora and Fauna in India
  • Vanishing Forests
  • Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?
  • The Himalayan Yew in trouble
  • Conservation of forest and wildlife in India
  • Project Tiger
  • Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources
  • Community and Conservation

Note: The chapter Forest and Wildlife to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

Water Resources

  • Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management
  • Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management
  • Rainwater Harvesting

Note: The theoretical aspect of chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. However, the map items of this chapter as given in the Map List will be evaluated in Board Examination.


  • Types of farming
  • Cropping Pattern
  • Major Crops
  • Technological and Institutional Reforms
  • Impact of Globalization on Agriculture

Minerals and Energy Resources

What is a mineral?

  • Mode of occurrence of Minerals
  • Ferrons and Non-Ferrons Minerals
  • Non-Metallic Minerals
  • Rock Minerals
  • Conservation of Minerals

Energy Resources

  • Conventional and Non-Conventional
  • Conservation of Energy Resources

Manufacturing Industries

  • Importance of manufacturing
  • Contribution of Industry to National Economy
  • Industrial Location
  • Classification of Industries
  • Spatial distribution
  • Industrial pollution and environmental degradation
  • Control of Environmental Degradation

 Life Lines of National Economy

Transport       –          Roadways,    Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways


International Trade

Tourism as a Trade

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus For Political Science

Class 10 Social Science Syllabus for Political Science has been tabulated below:

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II (50 Periods)

Themes Learning Objectives
1. Power Sharing:
Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka
Why power sharing is desirable?
Forms of Power Sharing2. Federalism
What is Federalism?
What makes India a Federal Country?
How is Federalism practiced?
Decentralization in India6. Political Parties:
Why do we need Political Parties?
How many Parties should we have?
National Political Parties
State Parties
Challenges to Political Parties
How can Parties be reformed?7. Outcomes of Democracy:
How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?
Accountable, responsive and legitimate government
Economic growth and development
Reduction of inequality and poverty
Accommodation of social diversity
Dignity and freedom of the citizens
1. Familiarize with the centrality of power sharing in a democracy.

2. Understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms.

3. Analyse federal provisions and institutions.

4. Explain decentralization in rural and urban areas.

5. Analyse party systems in democracies.
Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them and reforms in the country.

6. Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of government.

7. Understand the causes for the continuation of democracy in India.

8. Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus For Economics

The Economics SST Syllabus Class 10 CBSE 2020-21 has been tabulated below:

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development (50 Periods)

Themes Learning Objectives
1. Development:
What Development Promises – Different people different goals
Income and other goals
National DevelopmentHow to compare different countries or states?
Income and other criteria
Public Facilities
Sustainability of development2. Sectors of the Indian Economy:
Sectors of Economic ActivitiesComparing the three sectors
Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India
Division of sectors as organized and unorganized
Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors3. Money and Credit:
Money as a medium of exchange
Modern forms of money
Loan activities of BanksTwo different credit situationsTerms of credit
Formal sector credit in IndiaSelf Help Groups for the Poor4. Globalisation and the Indian Economy:
Production across countriesInterlinking production across countries
Foreign Trade and integration of markets
What is globalization?
Factors that have enabled Globalisation
World Trade OrganisationImpact of Globalization on India
The Struggle for a fair Globalisation
1. Familiarize with concepts of macroeconomics.

2. Understand the rationale for overall human development in our country, which includes the rise of income, improvements in health and education rather than income.

3. Understand the importance of quality of life and sustainable development.

4. Identify major employment generating sectors.
Reason out the government investment in different sectors of the economy.

5. Understand money as an economic concept.

6. Understand the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to-day life.

7. Explain the working of the Global Econo

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus For Project Work (05 Marks)

1. Every student has to compulsorily undertake any one project on the following topics:

Consumer Awareness OR
Social Issues OR
Sustainable Development

2. Objective: The overall objective of the project work is to help students gain insight and pragmatic understanding of the theme and see all the Social Science disciplines from an interdisciplinary perspective. It should also help in enhancing the Life Skills of the students. Students are expected to apply the Social Science concepts that they have learned over the years in order to prepare the project report. If required, students may go out for collecting data and use different primary and secondary resources to prepare the project. If possible, various forms of art may be integrated into the project work…

3. The distribution of marks over different aspects relating to Project Work is as follows:

a. Content accuracy, originality and analysis 2
b. Presentation and creativity 2
c. Viva Voce 1

4. The projects carried out by the students in different topics should subsequently be shared among themselves through interactive sessions such as exhibitions, panel discussions, etc.

5. All documents pertaining to assessment under this activity should be meticulously maintained by concerned schools.

6. A Summary Report should be prepared to highlight:

  1. objectives realized through individual work and group interactions;
  2. calendar of activities
  3. innovative ideas generated in the process ;
  4. list of questions asked in viva voce.

7. It is to be noted here by all the teachers and students that the projects and models prepared should be made from eco-friendly products without incurring too much expenditure.

8. The Project Report should be handwritten by the students themselves.

9. Records pertaining to projects (internal assessment) of the students will be maintained for a period of three months from the date of declaration of result for verification at the discretion of the Board. Subjudiced cases, if any or those involving RTI / Grievances may, however, be retained beyond three months

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science For Map Work

Map Work for Class 10 CBSE 2020-21 as per the revised syllabus has been tabulated below:

A. Subject – History: Outline Political Map of India
Chapter-3: Nationalism in India – (1918 – 1930).
For locating and labeling / Identification.
1. Indian National Congress Sessions:
a. Calcutta (Sep. 1920)
b. Nagpur (Dec. 1920)
c. Madras (1927)
2. Important Centres of Indian National Movement
(Non-cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement)
a. Champaran (Bihar) – Movement of Indigo Planters
b. Kheda (Gujrat) – Peasant Satyagrah
c. Ahmedabad (Gujarat) – Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha
d. Amritsar (Punjab) – Jallianwala Bagh Incident
e. Chauri Chaura (U.P.) – calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement
f. Dandi (Gujarat) – Civil Disobedience Movement
B. Subject-Geography: Outline Political Map of India
Chapter 1: Resources and Development (Identification only)
a. Major soil Types.
Chapter 3: Water Resources (Locating and Labelling)
a. Salal
b. Bhakra Nangal
c. Tehri
d. Rana Pratap Sagar
e. Sardar Sarovar
f. Hirakud
g. Nagarjuna Sagar
h. Tungabhadra.
Note: The theoretical aspect of chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. However, the map items of this chapter as listed above will be evaluated in Board Examination.
Chapter 4: Agriculture
Identification only
(a)  Major areas of Rice and Wheat.
(b) Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane; Tea; Coffee; Rubber; Cotton and Jute.
Chapter: 5 Mineral and Energy Resources.
Power Plants:
(Locating and Labelling only)
(a)  Thermal :
(b) Nuclear:
Rawat Bhatia
Note: Only Map Items of this chapter as listed above will be evaluated in Board Examination.
Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries
Locating and Labelling Only
(1) Cotton Textile Industries:
(2) Iron and Steel Plants:
(3) Software Technology Parks:
Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy (Locating and Labelling)
Major Ports:

New Mangalore
International Airports:
Amritsar (Raja Sansi)
Delhi (Indira Gandhi International)
Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji)
Chennai (Meenam Bakkum)
Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose)
Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)
Note: Items of Locating and Labelling may also be given for Identification.

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  1. India and the Contemporary World-II (History) – Published by NCERT
  2. Contemporary India II (Geography) – Published by NCERT
  3. Democratic Politics II (Political Science) – Published by NCERT
  4. Understanding Economic Development – Published by NCERT
  5. Together Towards a Safer India – Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management – Published by CBSE
  6. Learning Outcomes at the Secondary Stage – Published by NCERT

Note: Please procure the latest reprinted edition of prescribed NCERT textbooks.

Download CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus PDF

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